Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), sometimes referred to, as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a neurobiological disorder caused by an imbalance of some of the neurotransmitters found in the brain, called dopamine and noradrenaline. The main symptoms are:
- Be easily distracted, miss details, forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another
- Have difficulty focusing on one thing
- Become bored with a task after only a few minutes, unless they are doing something enjoyable
- Have difficulty focusing attention on organising and completing a task or learning something new
- Have trouble completing or turning in homework assignments, often losing things (e.g., pencils, toys, assignments) needed to complete tasks or activities
- Not seem to listen when spoken to
- Daydream, become easily confused, and move slowly
- Have difficulty processing information as quickly and accurately as others
- Struggle to follow instructions.
- Fidget and squirm in their seats
- Talk nonstop
- Dash around, touching or playing with anything and everything in sight
- Have trouble sitting still during dinner, school, and story time
- Be constantly in motion
- Have difficulty doing quiet tasks or activities.
- Be very impatient
- Blurt out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint, and act without regard for consequences
- Have difficulty waiting for things they want or waiting their turns in games
- Often interrupt conversations or others’ activities.
As this is a genetic condition, there are frequently other members of the family who are affected.
The problems are more obvious in boys but girls can have ADHD too.
Many individuals with ADHD also have other neurobiological disorders such as dyslexia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or Aspergers Syndrome.
ADHD does not affect intelligence but can make everyday tasks much more demanding.
What are the positive features of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in your child and do you know of any positive role models?
Positive features of ADHD:
- Full of energy
- Strong sense of justice
- Enthusiastic for new ideas
- Full of purpose
- Capacity to create good arguments
- Often very warm and loving.